A partial purchase mortgage note offer can deliver serious benefits. You get instant access to cash by selling a portion of your note to a buyer, while still retaining regular interest payments and enjoying some significant tax benefits to boot.
But accepting a partial purchase mortgage note offer isn’t the right move for every note holder. Not sure what the right move is for your seller financed note? This guide can help.
By the end of this article, you will know that:
- A partial purchase mortgage note offer allows you to sell a portion of your mortgage note, giving you a lump sum of cash while retaining a part of your regular income from the note.
- A partial sale of your note can help you spread out the capital gains taxes you pay on your investment property across multiple years, rather than paying it all in one year, as is the case with a complete sale.
- If you’ve taken substantial depreciation deductions on your property, you may be better off with a full sale rather than a partial sale of your mortgage note.
What is a Partial Purchase Mortgage Note Offer?
You have three options when you have an owner financed note on your hands. You can 1) Keep the note, and see it through until the home has been paid off in full, 2) sell the entire loan on a full purchase note offer to a private note buyer and recuse yourself from the equation altogether or 3) do both, and sell a portion of the note while still retaining some share of the loan.
This last option is called a partial purchase mortgage note offer, and it can be a great way to ensure consistent income from your note, while also enjoying some valuable tax perks along the way.
Benefits of a Partial Purchase Note Offer
Under a partial purchase note agreement, you retain a portion of your note, while a note buyer purchases the remaining share in exchange for a lump sum of cash.
This can come with some benefits:
1. You get instant access to cash. Use it to purchase additional investment properties, put it in savings or use it toward other expenses you might have.
2. You will receive a remaining portion of the loan down the road. Thanks to this type of note buyout structure, you retain a portion of the asset down the road by using a Remainder Interest Agreement (also referred to as a Memorandum of Interest) which would be reflected in public record for all to see. Once the loan reverts back to you, you’ll continue getting installment payments until the property has been paid off in full or maturity. For many, this can offer some much-needed and convenient financial security.
3. You can save on capital gains taxes. By retaining the note, you’ll receive smaller loan installment payments, rather than one large lump sum. That means save on capital gains taxes, among other things. (More on this below.)
The tax benefits you stand to gain from a partial purchase mortgage note offer depend on a few things, like your income tax bracket, the cost of the home, what you paid for the property and other details.
Spreading out your capital gains taxes
When you sell real estate, you’re required to pay capital gains taxes on any profit you earn on the property. The bigger the profit, then the bigger that tax burden is. If you sold a home for $400,000 and made $300,000 in profits, then you’d have to pay capital gain taxes on that entire $300,000 in the same tax year. That can equate to a serious amount of money, which could cause cash flow issues for your household and finances.
By selling only a portion of the note and retaining your installment loan with the buyer, you get to spread out those capital gain taxes over years (depending on your note structure). This may make covering these costs easier in the long run.
Lower tax rates with installment loan payments
Another benefit comes in the way of tax rates. When you have an installment loan in place, you qualify for what are called “long-term” tax rates. These are often lower what your short-term tax rate would be, meaning you’ll pay less in total taxes over time.
There’s also your income tax bracket to consider. Any income you receive from the sale of your property/note will need to be reported as income. If that sale comes by way of a large, lump sum, it could push your income into a higher income tax bracket, which means a bigger tax burden come April. Using a partial note offer, while keeping your installment loan in place and amortizing, can help keep your tax bracket lower and more affordable.
A cause for concern
Though there are certainly big benefits to a partial purchase mortgage note offer, they are not for everyone — especially if you’ve taken substantial depreciation deductions on the property. This may occur if you use the property for business or you work out of the home.
The IRS’s depreciation recapture rule requires you to pay a 25% tax on the total amount of depreciation write-offs you’ve taken over the years — even if you retain an installment style loan with your buyer. If you’ve taken large amounts of depreciation deductions, it could equate to a significant sum. This is when having a larger, full lump sum payment would be beneficial.
What to know about selling real estate notes
If you’re thinking a partial purchase mortgage note offer is the best move for you, it’s important to learn a little about the mortgage note industry before diving in.
First, you’ll need to find a company that buys mortgage notes. Make sure you choose one that’s experienced, has plenty of resources to help you through the process and, of course, offers partial note purchases (not all of them do). Check references and ratings online. If there are none, move on.
Next, you’ll want to get a quote from the note buyers you’re considering. The offers will likely vary, so make sure you compare apples to apples. Are there any extra fees? When can you expect to be paid? What is their customer service like? You’re under no obligation to choose a note buyer just because they’ve given you a quote.
Finally, accept the offer you feel is best, or opt to keep your installment loan, in full, with your buyer. If you’re not happy with the quote, you can always try again in a few months and see if your offer changes. In general, this is the best guidance on how to create a mortgage note that will sell for top dollar.
The final word
We at Amerinote Xchange are experts in the note-buying field as a private investment firm, but we are not financial or legal advisors. This information should not be construed as tax or legal advice.
If you have questions regarding the legalities or tax implications of your full or partial purchase mortgage note offer, then contact a legal or financial expert in your area.